When I ask people what they think of my artwork, they just say that they like it. According to Edmund Burke Feldman, Judgment is the 4th step to a successful art criticism process. There are three steps before that. But even judgment should not be based on personal preferences. It should be based on a philosophy of art.
Step 1. Description. Vaguely describe what you see. It’s important to use neutral words to describe recognizable subjects, like shape, color, line, space, texture, and media. Avoid terms that denote value judgments, like pretty, neat, or weak. Instead, talk about how the colors are bright, or the lines are thick or vertical.
Step 2. Analysis. Describe the relationships between the things that you see, like size, shape, color, texture, space & Volume. You are just gathering visual facts to interpret in the next step.
Step 3. Interpretation. Describe ideas, not objects. Talk about how the artwork makes you feel.
Step 4. Judgment. The reason why you shouldn’t judge based on personal preference is that it is just an opinion. Just because 3 people like your work, doesn’t necessarily make it good. Judgment can be based on Formalism, Expressivism, or Instrumentalism among other philosophies of art.
Formalism stresses the importance of the formal qualities and visual elements of art.
Expressivism stresses the importance of the communication of ideas and feelings.
Instrumentalism stresses the importance of the social intentions of the work.
Outline based on an outline prepared by Patricia A Renick based on Edmund Burke Feldman, Becoming Human Through Art.